# LIGHTNING PROTECTION OF A CULTURAL AND ENTERTAINMENT CENTER

There are no specific requirements to lightning protection of a cultural and eterntainment center in AD. But designers will have to remember that this object is often one of "visit cards" of the city and lightning protection should not affect its appearance. The engineers of the ZANDZ Technical Center considered this detail when they got a task to calculate lightning protecton for a cultural and entertainment center.

We offer you to get familiarized with project details and calculation example:

## Calculation of lightning protection for a cultural and entertainment center

Object: cultural and entertainment center.

Figure 1 - Plan of the object.

Task: Calculate lightning protection system for a cultural and eterntainment center.

Protection of buildings and structures against lightning discharges is ensured by lightning rods. A lightning rod is a device rising above the facility that diverts lightning current into the ground without entering the facility. It consists of a lightning rod which directly takes the lightning discharge upon itself, a down conductor and a ground electrode.

Solutions to meet the requirements to a lightning protection system of a cultural and entertainment center:

1. Lightning protection is carried out in accordance with EIC 7th edition, IS 153-34.21.122-2003 "Instructions for lightning protection of buildings, structures and industrial communications" (hereinafter IS) and AD 34.21.122-87 "Instructions for lightning protection of buildings and structures" (hereinafter AD).
2. The object refers to category 3 of lightning protection. System reliability must be not less than 0,9.
3. The lightning protection of the object is made with the help of 4 vertical air-terminal masts 4 m high on structures butt welded (GL-21103G) and 9 vertical air-terminals masts 2 m high on a concrete base (GL-21131).
4. Connection of down conductors to lightning rods and downdrop to the grounding device;
5. Installation of down conductors is carried out with the help of GL-11711 holder – on flat roof, GL-11704A- on vertical surfaces. Distance between the clamps- from 0.8 up to 1.0 meter;
6. To connect rolled metal over the length a universal clamp GL-11551A is used;
7. All metal structures and communications must be connected to the down conductor with the help of clamps GL-11545A. Stairs, railings are connected with the help of GL-11514 clamp.
8. According to IS item 3.2.2.3 we equalize the potentials of the building at the mark of 20 m with the help of a wire 8 mm in diameter;
9. Installation of a grounding device consisting of 4 vertical electrodes of 3 m in length united by a horizontal electrode (a copper-bonded tape of 30x4 mm). The distance from the horizontal electrode to the object should be not less than 1 m, deepening 0.5 - 0.7 meters;
10. In case of presence of the existing grounding device, they should be united into one grounding device in accordance with EIC p.1.7.55.

Results of the calculation carried out with the software developed by the JSC "Energy Institute to the name of G.M. Krzhizhanovsky (JSC "ENIN"):

Density of lightning strikes into the ground - 4 strikes / sq. km per year;

The total number of strikes into the system - 0.088 (once in 11 years);

The total number of breakthroughs is 0.0091 (once in 110 years);

System reliability — 0.9;

Probability of breakthrough into all the system objects - 0.1.

Grounding device resistance calculation:

The design resistance of the grounding device is 1,12 Ohm.

Figure 2 shows the arrangement of equipment.

Table 1 gives the list of the required equipment and materials.

Figure 2 – Layout of equipment for lightning protection of a cultural and entertainment complex

Table 1 - List of need in materials.

 № Image Product item Product Quantity, pcs. 1. GL-21103G GALMAR Vertical lightning rod (air terminal- mast) (4 meters) 4 2. GL-20022 GALMAR Clamp to air-terminal- mast GL-21101G / GL-21102G / GL-21103G for down conductors (stainless steel) 4 3. GL-21131 GALMAR Air terminal-mast on a concrete base (2,0 m; on one concrete base; galvanized steel) 9 4. GL-11149-50 GALMAR Copper-bonded wire (D 8mm / S 50 mm²; coil of 50 meters) 14 5. GL-11551A GALMAR Clamp for connecting down conductors (painted galvanized steel) 55 6. GL-11711 GALMAR Clamp on a flat roof for the down conductor (plastic, concrete) 500 7. GL-11704A GALMAR Clamp for fixing down conductor cables to the facade (painted galvanized steel) 200 8. GL-11514 GALMAR Clamp-bridge on a gutter for down conductor (tinned copper) 10 9. GL-11545A GALMAR Clamp on the gutter for a down conductor (painted galvanized steel) 25 10. GL-11562A GALMAR Control clamp for connecting down conductors, wire + tape (painted galvanized steel) 4 11. ZZ-001-065 ZANDZ Copper-coated threaded grounding rod (D14; 1.5 m) 8 12. ZZ-002-061 ZANDZ Threaded coupler 5 13. ZZ-003-061 ZANDZ Starting tip 4 14. ZZ-004-060 ZANDZ Driving head for a jackhammer 2 15. ZZ-006-000 ZANDZ Conductive grease 1 16. ZZ-008-000 ZANDZ Header for a jackhammer (SDS max) 1 17. ZZ-005-064 ZANDZ Clamp for connecting conductor (up to 40 mm) 21 18. ZZ-007-030 ZANDZ Waterproof tape 6 19. GL-11075-50 GALMAR Copper-bonded tape (30 * 4 mm / S 120 mm²; coil of 50 meters) 6 20. GL-11075-20 GALMAR Copper-bonded tape (30 * 4 mm / S 120 mm²; coil of 20 meters) 1 21. ZZ-500-110 ZANDZ Grounding conductor (10m; S25, single-core, with a tip for the bolt D8) 1