Lightning Protection and Grounding Design for a Sewerage Pump Station (SPS)

Formula for calculation of the horizontal electrode resistance
Open full diagram


Facility: a sewerage pump station with an on-ground reservoir.

Soil: sand clay, sand.

Soil resistivity: 300 Ohm*m.

It is required to calculate external and internal lightning protection and earthing with resistance not exceeding 10 Ohm, offer a solution to protect building and electrical equipment against surges.



Protection of a sewerage pump station (SPS) against lightning strikes and their effects is made according to the following regulatory documents: the EIC, Rev. 7, Chapter 1.7 SO 153-34.21.122-2003 «Guidelines for Lightning Protection of Buildings, Structures, and Industrial Utilities (hereinafter referred to as SO) and RD 34.21.122-87 «Guidelines for making the lightning protection of buildings and structures" (hereinafter - RD).

The station is classified as conventional in terms of facility lightning protection. According to RD, the pump station conforms to zone B, and according to SO its protection zone having a protection ratio 0.9.

Buildings and electrical equipment are protected against lightning discharges and surges using lightning arresters, current collectors, and ground terminals. The lightning arrester is a metal rod exceeding the protected facility, which catches the lightning discharge. The generated discharge current is transported along current collectors in several shortest paths to the ground terminal.

Metal rods secured to the roof ridges using a clamp GL-11521SS are used as lightning rods.

The set of arrangements ensuring compliance with the lightning protection requirements is based on the following solutions:

  1. 1. 2 m ridge lightning rods (GL-11521SS) secured using clamps GL-11525 are installed on the bow window ridges. Lightning rod is secured using clamps ZZ-203-002 on a vent pipe (distance between the feet is up to 1 m). They are connected to the current collector using a clamp ZZ-202-001.

  2. 2. Current collectors are made using a conductor, which is made of a copper-plated steel and has a diameter of 8 mm, coating thickness 70 mcm (GL-11149).

  3. 3. Current collectors are installed using a clamp GL-11747A on the roof and GL-11703A on vertical surfaces. Clamp installation spacing is 0.8 to 1.0 m.

  4. 4. The universal GL-11551A clamp is used to connect rolled products over the length and in assemblies.

  5. 5. All metal elements located on the roof are connected to current collectors using clamps GL-11514 or GL-11545A.

  6. 6. 8 x 3 m vertical electrodes combined by a grounding conductor, and a steel copper-plated bar 30 x 4 mm (GL-11075) can be used as a ground terminal. The distance from the ground terminals to the facility is at least 1 m.

  7. 7. Current collectors are connected to the grounding conductor using clamps GL-11562A.

To protect the electronic equipment of the pump station and other electrical equipment from pulse surges caused by lightning strikes or grid overvoltage, the design provides for the protection against surges at the building entry by installation of a pulse surge limiter of Class 1+2 (Main) Power Pro BC TNS 25/100 LE-373-950.

Calculation of a ground terminal

According to the EIC, Rev. 7, item 1.7.103 total dissipation resistance of ground terminals (including natural) of all repeated earthings of the PEN wire of each high-voltage line in any season of the year should not be more than 10 Ohm, respectively, with linear voltages 380 V of a three-phase source or 220 V of a single-phase source.

Results of the earthing calculations performed by using the software developed by OAO Krzhizhanovskiy Energy Institute (OAO ENIN):

300 Ohm m is taken as an estimate soil (sand clay) resistivity.

Let's preliminarily define 4 x 3 m vertical electrodes drilled into the ground at the depth of 0.7 m.

Resistance of a horizontal electrode:

Formula for calculation of the vertical electrode resistance

Гор - Hor

ρ is soil resistivity, Ohm·m;

b is strip width of a horizontal electrode, m;

h is a laying depth of the horizontal mesh, m;

Lhor is total length of the horizontal electrode.

Vertical electrode resistance:

Depth calculation formula

Верт - Vert

ρ is soil resistivity, Ohm·m;

L is total length of the vertical electrode, m;

d is vertical electrode diameter, m;

T is a embedment – a distance from the surface of the earth to the ground terminal system, m:

Formula for calculation of the total resistance of the grounding arrangement

where t is deepening of the top of the electrode, m.

Full resistance of a ground terminal:

Formula for calculation of the horizontal electrode resistance

Исп гр - Util

where n is number of sets

kutil is utilization ratio;

Formula for calculation of the vertical electrode resistance

Formula for calculation of the grounding arrangement resistance

Formula for calculation of the grounding arrangement resistance

Гор - Hor
Верт - Vert
Ом - Ohm

The calculated resistance of the grounding arrangement is 16.12 Ohm which exceeds the required value of 10 Ohm; let's increase the number of vertical electrodes by 4 pcs.

Formula for calculation of the grounding arrangement resistance

Rga is 8.87 Ohm; and let's finally calculate the number of 3 m vertical electrodes, which is 8 pcs.

List of required materials:

Item # Fig. Designation Name Quantity
1 GL-11521SS GL-11521SS 2 meter height GALMAR lightning rod for mounting in threaded holders (M16; stainless steel) 2
2 GL-11525 GL-11525 GALMAR Air terminal crest holder for lightning rod (M16 thread; d10 mm current collector connection; bronze) 2
3 GL-11149-20 GL-11149-20 GALMAR Copper-plated wire (D 8 mm/S 50 mm2; 20 meter bundle) 1
4 GL-11149-10 GL-11149-10 GALMAR Copper-plated wire (D 8 mm/S 50 mm2; bundle 10 meters) 1
5 GL-11551A GL-11551A GALMAR Clamp for connecting current collectors (painted galvanized steel) 10
6 GL-11747A GL-11747A GALMAR Conductor roof clamp for the roof coated with metal shape / corrugated sheeting (painted galvanized steel) 3
7 GL-11703A GL-11703A GALMAR Facade clamp for the current collector with its elevation over the clamp by 15 mm (painted galvanized steel) 12
8 GL-11562A GL-11562A Conductor connection control clamp GALMAR wire + strip (painted galvanized steel) 4
9 ZZ-001-065 ZZ-001-065 ZANDZ Threaded copper-plated grounding rod (D14; 1.5 m) 8
10 ZZ-002-061 ZZ-002-061 ZANDZ Threaded connecting coupling 4
11 ZZ-003-061 ZZ-003-061 ZANDZ Kick-off tip 4
12 ZZ-004-060 ZZ-004-060 ZANDZ Guide head for jackhammer attachment 3
13 ZZ-006-000 ZZ-006-000 ZANDZ Conductive grease 1
14 ZZ-008-000 ZZ-008-000 ZANDZ Attachment to the hammer (SDS max) 1
15 ZZ-005-064 ZZ-005-064 ZANDZ Clamp for connecting conductors (up to 40 mm) 4
16 ZZ-007-030 ZZ-007-030 ZANDZ Waterproof tape 1
17 GL-11075-20 GL-11075-20 GALMAR Copper-plated strip (30 * 4 mm/ S 120 mm²; 20-meter strip bundle) 1
18 GL-11075-10 GL-11075-10 GALMAR Copper-plated strip (30 * 4 mm/ S 120 mm²; 20-meter strip bundle) 1
19 ZZ-500-110 ZZ-500-110 ZANDZ Grounding conductor (10 m; S25; single-wire; with a tip for the D8 bolt) 2
20 LE-373-950 LE-373-950 Surge limiter of Class 1+2 PowerPro BC TNS 1
21 ZZ-201-004 ZZ-201-004 ZANDZ 4 m vertical lightning rod (stainless steel) 1
22 ZZ-203-002 ZZ-203-002 ZANDZ Lightning rod attachment to the chimney (stainless steel) 2
23 ZZ-202-001 ZZ-202-001 ZANDZ Lightning rod clamp for current collectors (stainless steel) 1

Appendix: design in DWG and PDF formats

Проект молниезащиты и заземления канализационной насосной станции (КНС), вид 1 Проект молниезащиты и заземления канализационной насосной станции (КНС), вид 2


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